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How to trade on earnings reports?
2021-04-12 • Updated
Information is not investment advice
Earnings seasons offer unique opportunities for traders. This is the time when the largest American companies publish their earnings reports for the previous quarter. The price can jump or fall by tens of percent after these releases.
The best thing is that the earnings not only influence the stock’s prices but also increase volatility in the currency pairs. As a result, the entire financial market comes in motion, and this time is ideal for trading.
Are you interested? Below you will find more information about trading on earnings.
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There are four earnings seasons a year. Each one lasts for several weeks. Earnings are released during the month, which follows the quarter (January, April, July, and October). This is when you should check the earnings calendar to learn when to trade.
The theory of trading companies’ earnings is very simple:
- If the financial report (quarterly or annual) shows that the company increased profit or sales, investors get interested in it. Demand for the company’s stocks rises, and their price goes up.
- If the company announces that its profit has declined, its stocks fall on the news.
The secrets of trading on earnings
In practice, there are nuances. You may find many similarities between trading on companies' earnings and trading on the news from the Forex economic calendar.
Analysts make their forecasts about the awaited numbers several weeks before the earnings season starts. Usually, they predict earnings per share (EPS) and revenue. This information is available on the FBS website ahead of the earnings release. After the forecasts are published, the price gets in motion on the basis of these estimates and investors’ expectations. If the forecast is good, the stock's price goes up. If the prediction is bad, the price declines.
Tip 1. If you want to make a deeper analysis of the company’s report to increase your profit probability, check the website of the company the stocks of which you plan to trade. For quick access, google “[company name] investor relations”, and you’ll get the exact time of the earnings release, the previous reports, and the full actual report once it’s out.
The most interesting thing starts when the earnings report is released. The element of surprise is very important: the bigger the difference between the actual reading and the forecast, the bigger the movement of the market. In addition, the so-called “buy the rumor, sell the fact” scenario may happen: the price can fall despite strong numbers if the market has already priced in the good outcome, and investors who bought the stock before the release start selling it afterward.
Here's an example of how the price moves on an earnings report. Facebook stocks plunged by about 25% on July 25, 2018. The company’s revenue was lower ($13.23 billion vs. $13.36 billion per a Thomson Reuters consensus estimate), and the number of global daily active users turned out to be lower than expected (1.47 billion vs. 1.49 billion, according to a StreetAccount and FactSet estimate). Notice that the stock was constantly rising ahead of the release and got overbought.
Wise traders pay attention not only to the company’s EPS and revenue but analyze the bigger picture. Here are the life hacks that will help you trade on earnings properly.
- Look at how the stock traded during a previous couple of weeks. Compare the dynamics of the price with analysts’ forecasts in the earnings calendar. If the price rose too high, you might get ready to sell the stock on the news. If the price fell too low, you can prepare for buying.
- Check how the market reacted after the previous releases. Each stock has its own peculiarities, and you can get valuable insights from studying history.
- Have a look at RSI. This technical indicator shows whether the market is overbought or oversold. If the RSI is high, the stock is overbought and may decline in any case. The opposite is when the RSI is too low. Oversold stocks are considered to be especially attractive for buying.
- Read through the media articles. If everyone is obsessed with a particular company and expects a tremendous profit, the stock’s price is likely too high and is vulnerable to a selloff. If everyone berates a company, its stocks can be undervalued.
Tip 2. The news from large companies has a great impact on the entire American stock market. So, if the stocks of Microsoft or Amazon jump, S&P 500 will likely go up as well. In addition, the stocks can influence the USD exchange rate as well. Rising stocks can either increase demand for the greenback as investors will await the Federal Reserve’s rate hike or encourage risk appetite and demand for higher-yielding currencies like the AUD and the NZD. The reaction of the Forex market will depend on the recent drivers of the USD.
All in all, if the earnings forecasts come true, the price of a stock will likely reverse in the opposite direction compared with its dynamics during the previous two weeks. If the reading overshoots/undershoots the forecast on a big scale, the overbought/oversold market will correct up if the surprise is positive or down if the data is disappointing.
Here is the schedule of the upcoming earnings releases:
April 14 - JPMorgan, Goldman Sachs
April 15 - Bank of America, PepsiCo, Citigroup
April 16 - Morgan Stanley
April 19 - Coca-Cola, IBM
April 20 - J&J, Procter&Gamble, Netflix, Philip Morris
April 22 - AT&T
April 27 - Starbucks, 3M
April 28 - Alphabet, Facebook, PayPal, Qualcomm, Ford Motor
April 29 - Microsoft, Amazon.com, Intel, Twitter Inc
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