Bill Williams is the creator of some of the most popular market indicators: Awesome Oscillator, Fractals, Alligator, and Gator.
Currency cross pairs: how to trade them?
2019-11-11 • Updated
Information is not investment advice
Do you know that opportunities to earn money are not limited by trading your favorite EUR/USD, GBP/USD and USD/JPY? Furthermore, a currency pair may be formed without the US dollar? In this article, we are going to introduce you to the so-called "currency cross pair". You will find out the special features of these pairs and learn how to trade them and to avoid mistakes.
What is a currency cross pair?
After World War II ended and the gold standard crashed, most currencies were quoted against the US dollar, which was fixed to gold. When a person wanted to exchange a sum of money into a different currency, he needed to convert that money to the USD and then convert it into the desired currency. Luckily, the currency cross pairs were invented. They allow to bypass the process of converting currency into the US dollars instead you convert it to the desired currency straight away.
Generally speaking, a currency cross pair (cross currency, cross) is a pair of currencies in the Forex market, which does not include the USD.
With FBS, you can trade AUD/CAD, EUR/GBP, CHF/JPY, EUR/NZD, and even more cross pairs!
How currency cross rates are calculated?
It's important to understand how these types of pair are created.
Let’s consider the EUR/GBP pair. We need to look at the bid/ask price for GBP/USD and EUR/USD to calculate the bid price for EUR/GBP.
Why do we choose these pairs? That is because they have the USD as the quote currency in them.
GBP/USD: 1.2887 (bid) / 1.2889 (ask)
EUR/USD: 1.1286 (bid) / 1.1287 (ask)
To calculate the bid rate for EUR/GBP we need to divide the base currency bid by the quote currency ask:
EUR/GBP (bid) = 1.1286/1.2889 = 0.8756
For the ask rate, we need to divide the base currency ask by the quote currency bid.
EUR/GBP (ask) = 1.1287/1.2887= 0.8758
Seems tough? Most brokers, including FBS, calculate the cross rates and the size of the spread for you automatically. Thus, you don’t need to learn the formula above. Yay!
What currency cross pairs you may choose?
Cross currency pairs may be divided into three groups.
First group – cross pairs with commonly traded majors (the EUR, the JPY, and the GBP). They have good liquidity, which may be compared to the major currency pairs. It shows that many traders trade them and the chances of an unexpected jump of the price are low. You can trade, for example, EUR/GBP, GBP/JPY, CHF/JPY.
The second group combines so-called “obscure” currency crosses as very few traders trade them. They don’t have the EUR, the JPY or the GBP in them. This fact makes the movements of their price extremely volatile. Let’s look at the chart of NZD/CAD. We can see the long bullish and bearish candlesticks. These big spikes create an additional challenge for traders while determining the next movement of the price. You need to be careful while trading them and do a proper analysis.
Finally, there are exotic cross currency pairs. They have an emerging market currency in them. With FBS you can trade such exotic crosses as CHN/JPY, EUR/TRY, and EUR/CNH. As with the second group, you need to be careful while trading them and don’t forget to use stop losses.
Why do you need to trade the currency cross pairs?
- They allow you to trade fundamentals easier. If the important release for the EUR pushes the EUR up and the USD is strong, it may result in the flat price action of EUR/USD. Currency cross pairs may help you to take advantage of the EUR But it is very important to follow all political and economic changes in the countries of the chosen currencies. Disinformation may lead you to losses.
On the picture below the weaker releases for the US dollar and the positive news for the EUR shows the equal balance of powers between bulls and bears and makes the pair trade sideways. As a result, it is harder to determine and follow the current trend.
Now let’s look at the EUR/GBP chart. We know that the British economy struggles amid the Brexit uncertainties. That is why the EUR is stronger than the GBP. We see that the uptrend for the pair here is easier to determine, as the EUR pushes the pair higher. That is why we can take advantage of the strong release for the Eurozone.
- You can trade interest rate differentials (carry trade strategy)
You can earn money by selling currencies with a lower interest rate against currencies whose country has a higher interest rate. This strategy is known as a carry trade strategy.
- They help you to trade the major currencies
Currency crosses can help you to identify the relative strength of each major currency pair.
Imagine, that you see the buy signal for both EUR/USD and GBP/USD, but you can trade only one currency pair. The analysis of EUR/GBP cross will help you to choose the perfect one for a long position. If the trend for the pair is bullish, it shows that the EUR is relatively stronger than the GBP at the moment. So you need to buy EUR/USD instead of GBP/USD.
Since the GBP is weaker than the EUR, if it strengthens against the USD, it will strengthen less than the euro. As a result, EUR/USD would rise more extensive than the British pound when the USD weakens.
On the charts of EUR/USD and GBP/USD below, we noticed that MACD formed a bullish divergence, which may be a good signal to buy. But we need to choose only one pair.
We decide to check EUR/GBP for other clues. The pair is moving upwards. That means that the EUR is stronger than the British pound. If the currency strengthens, you would make more pips while trading EUR/USD, than GBP/USD.
Now you see that trading cross currency pairs is not just a way for a trader to look more “hipsterish”. They help you to fully understand any moves in the market, provide you with an opportunity to trade the currencies directly against each other and offers you more chances to earn money.
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