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DAX Index

DAX Index

Indices are great for seeing how the biggest companies in the country perform. All major economies have their indices. In this article, we’ll discuss the main German index – DAX.

What is DAX?

The DAX (Deutscher Aktienindex (German Stock Index)) is a German stock market index comprised of the top 40 German companies. All these companies are traded on the Frankfurt Stock Exchange through the Xetra trading floor. The index consists of the top 40 German companies in market capitalization, similar to the US Dow Jones index. Thus, it comprises only a small sample of companies and doesn’t necessarily reflect the state of the German economy.

DAX was created in 1988 with an initial index level of 1163 points. DAX member companies represent approximately 80% of the total market capitalization traded on the Frankfurt Stock Exchange. Historically, the index consisted of 30 companies, but as of September 3, 2021, it has been expanded to 40.

Since its inception in late 1987, the DAX has reflected other indices during major economic events throughout history, including the technology bubble in 2000, significant lows in 2003, and other fluctuations in subsequent years. The index fell in 2008 amid the global financial crisis and again during the global Covid-19 outbreak.

candlestick chart influence of COVID-19 outbreak on DAX.png

Companies included in DAX

As of 2022, the index includes the following companies:

Company

Industry group

Index weighting (%)

Adidas

Clothing

3.54

Airbus

Transport and Aviation

 

Allianz

Insurance

7.81

BASF

Chemicals

7.98

Bayer

Pharmaceuticals and chemicals

8.27

BMW

Manufacturing

2.75

Brenntag

Chemicals

 

Continental

Manufacturing

2.38

Covestro

Chemicals

1.28

Daimler

Manufacturing

5.62

Delivery Hero

Food delivery

 

Deutsche Bank

Banking

1.73

Deutsche Borse

Banking

 

Deutsche Post

Logistics

2.82

Deutsche Telekom

Communications

4.47

Deutsche Wohnen

Real estate

 

E.ON

Energy industry

2.03

Fresenius

Medical

2.77

Fresenius Medical Care

Medical

1.8

HeidelbergCement

Building

1.11

Hellofresh

Food processing

 

Henkel

Consumer goods and chemicals

1.88

Infineon Technologies

Technologies

2.72

Linde

Industrial gases

3.49

Merck

Medical

1.06

MTU Aero Engines

Transport Aviation

 

Munich Re

Insurance

2.72

Porsche

Manufacturing

 

Puma

Clothing

 

Qiagen

Genetic testing

 

RWE

Energy industry

1.07

SAP

Technologies

10.56

Sartorius

Laboratory equipment

 

Siemens

Industrial, electronics

9.34

Siemens Energy

Technologies

 

Siemens Healthineers

Medical technologies

 

Symrise

Nutrition and cosmetics

 

Volkswagen Group

Manufacturing

2.88

Vonovia

Real estate

1.85

Zalando

Clothing

 

What drives the DAX index?

The main driver of the German stock index is the European Central Bank and its monetary policy. The DAX falls as the ECB raises rates. Conversely, the index rises when the ECB lowers the interest rate.

Additionally, German economic indicators such as GDP, retail sales, labor market indicators, PMI, etc., tend to have a minimal direct impact on the DAX index. That is higher GDP growth reflects a positive economic environment and tends to push the index higher.

Intraday traders should look at the actual daily sentiment to open buy and sell positions on this stock index. Technical analysis can also be helpful. Long-term traders must keep a close eye on what the ECB is doing. 

How to trade DAX?

To trade DAX in MetaTrader 5, choose DE30 in the list of tickers on the left. Then, after opening the chart, click “New Order,” set preferable settings, and open your trade. Make your technical analysis, and don’t forget to check the economic calendar, as the releases that are connected to the EU can influence this asset. 

how to trade DAX in MetaTrader 5.png

To open the trade in the FBS Trader app, select “Indices” on the upper menu. The DAX is the second from the top. To open the order, click on the index, and choose “Sell” or “Buy,” depending on where the chart goes. 

how to trade DAX in the FBS Trader.png

Conclusion

The DAX index is a great alternative to other more mainstream assets, as the system there is clear. Try it and improve your trading skills with FBS.

Back

2022-11-17 • Updated

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